Young People into 2015

SHEU : nationally-recognised, since 1977,
as the specialist provider of reliable local survey data about young people's health and wellbeing

TWENTY NINTH YEAR OF DATA ABOUT YOUNG PEOPLE

Teenage girls are skipping meals as weight anxiety soars : Observer

Meet the 21st century child: afraid of bullies and suffering from low self-esteem : Telegraph

Two-thirds of teenage girls say they need to lose weight as survey reveals startling increase in diet anxiety among youngsters : Mailonline

Current trends in health, wellbeing and risky behaviours amongst children and young people : PSHE Association

Emotional health: the biggest issue of our time for children and young people : Politics Home

Reports on students’ risk behaviours and lifestyle choices : National Association of Head Teachers

'A curriculum for life: the case for statutory PSHE education’  : PSHE Association

 

'Free School Meals' - Example data from p.35 : Those Yr 10 pupils, in one authority, who get free school meals were less likely to want to continue with full-time education and more likely to report having tried smoking, been bullied in the last year and were sexually active.

Emotional health: the biggest issue of our time for children and young people - See more at: https://www.politicshome.com/education/articles/opinion/pshe-association...
Emotional health: the biggest issue of our time for children and young people - See more at: https://www.politicshome.com/education/articles/opinion/pshe-association/emotional-health-biggest-issue-our-time-children-and#sthash.42olv7sS.dpuf
Emotional health: the biggest issue of our time for children and young people - See more at: https://www.politicshome.com/education/articles/opinion/pshe-association/emotional-health-biggest-issue-our-time-children-and#sthash.42olv7sS.dpuf
Emotional health: the biggest issue of our time for children and young people - See more at: https://www.politicshome.com/education/articles/opinion/pshe-association/emotional-health-biggest-issue-our-time-children-and#sthash.42olv7sS.dpuf

Example pages : Contraception and HIV/AIDS
49% 12-13 yr-old girls say male condoms stop HIV/AIDS

Example pages : Participation in active sports
Outside of school, over 40% of girls enjoy Going for a walk

Example pages : I would like to lose weight
64% 14-15 yr old girls report wanting to lose weight

 

YP into 2015 Don't miss the FREE RESOURCES PAGE

This new report, Young People into 2015, is a "unique contemporary archive" of young people from the Schools Health Education Unit (SHEU). Each year, since 1977, SHEU carry out healthy lifestyle surveys with young people and, in 2014, this involved over 110,000 youngsters. This report contains over 100 health-related behaviour questions and answers from over 78,000 pupils between the ages of 10 and 15. They tell us about what they do at home, at school, and with their friends. The data have been collected from primary and secondary schools across England. The report is the 29th in the series.

What's new and different in Young People into 2015?
Some of the differences are not new – they are continuations of trends that we have seen going on for some time.
Dr David Regis, Research Manager of the Schools Health Education Unit, says,
“This report provides a snapshot of our young people as they were approaching 2015 and also offers some trends where we are able to look back over the last 30 years and more of our research.  We have seen a further decline in young people's reported involvement with tobacco, alcohol and cannabis.  We saw a peak for all these figures in the mid-1990s, and since then there has been a general decline. 

"Recent news reports have carried stories about mental health awareness (e.g. http://www.youngminds.org.uk/news/blog/2929_headteachers_say_children_s_mental_health_is_most_worrying_concern ).
In 2014, SHEU reported on some trends indicating that young people, perhaps particularly older girls, were less confident than were their peers a decade ago.  We are still not sure why that is, but we have looked a little closer into our sample for this report.  We found, for example, some links between use of social media ('talking and messaging online') and both risky behaviour and poorer emotional well-being.

The table below is from p.44 of the report. It shows differences in the responses of Year 10 females, depending on whether they were light or heavy users of social media.

Percentages among Year 10 females in one authority Light social media use (<1h) on the evening before the survey Heavy social media use on the evening before the survey (3h+)

Low self-esteem

33

50

Worry about their own mental health

26

40

Worry about the mental health of someone in their family

22

37

Know a trusted adult to talk with about worries

67

58

Follow e-safety advice 'always'

77

60

Ate '5-a-day' yesterday

25

9

Ever smoked

22

50

Ever drink alcohol

59

85

Ever offered cannabis

14

38

Believe most in their age group have had sex before 15

16

31

"There is a very plain association between heavy social media use and poor emotional wellbeing.  But the statistics don't tell us anything about cause and effect – for example, it could be that youngsters who are feeling down then spend more time online, maybe to feel better."
"It's a real dilemma – young people want to be fully involved with everything their peer group is doing online, of course, and I would have really loved to see all the great things on the Internet when I was young.  But we do worry if so much is good for them."
"Perhaps the standout result for me is the proportion of all of these young women who don't say they have an adult that they trust whom they can talk to if they are worried about something."

Angela Balding, Survey Manager at the Schools Health Education Unit, says,
“We mentioned last year that the rising trend of self-esteem from 1997-2007 stopped in 2008, and the figures we are seeing for high self-esteem in 2014 have fallen again since last year especially for girls (p.94).  The 2008 date coincides with the economic recession, so that's a plausible explanation of what we see  – but we are also aware of new pressures about being online and spending so much time on social media. 
"Social media can be a source of social anxiety and of course cyberbullying and other dangers.  For example, the Year 10 Girls who spent 3+ hours messaging online were more likely to say someone they didn’t know in person had asked to meet with them, and they report more exposure to other undesirable online behaviours."

Dr Regis adds,
“The range of topics we have been asked to look at with schools continues to expand, but that hasn't made the production of our annual report any easier! We have seen some items dropped from the report, as too few clients chose those questions for their surveys, while a few items have been added to the reports.  We have published this year for the second time results about e-safety; second-hand smoke; perceptions of drugs; barriers to exercise; responses to problems and sexuality and we have had another look at religion and belief (p.100).

"As regards the aggregate data sets from which we publish this series of reports, they have become more complex and busy.  Are the figures still representative?  We reported last year that the characteristics of the schools in the SHEU data sets are reasonably well-matched to the national population of schools, and that is still true in 2015.”


YOUNG PEOPLE INTO 2015

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 1 - Food choices & weight control

  • In the sample, 64% of 14-15 year old females, 51% of 12-13 year old females and 31% of 10-11 year old females 'would like to lose weight'. This compares with 29% of 14-15 year old males, 32% of 12-13 year old males and 25% of 10-11 year old males who 'would like to lose weight'
  • 14% of Year 10 females have 'nothing at all to eat or drink for breakfast this morning' and 18% had nothing for lunch on the previous day
  • Less fresh fruit and vegetables are eaten as pupils get older and up to 55% report eating 1-3 portions of fruit and vegetables. 16% of 14-15 yr. olds and 27% of 10-11 yr. olds report eating 5 or more portions of fruit and vegetables 'yesterday'
  • Up to 72% of 12-15 year olds reported drinking less than 1 litre of water

CHAPTER 2 - Doctor & Dentist

  • Up to 30% of the 12-15 year old females, reported feeling 'quite uneasy' or 'very uneasy' on their last visit to the doctor

CHAPTER 3 - Health & Safety

  • Most 12-15 year olds report sleeping 8 or more hours ‘last night’. There is a strong relationship between sleep patterns and a number of variables. For example, for 14-15 year old females, the more sleep they get they are less likely to: want to lose weight
  • 34% of 10-11 yr. old females feel afraid (at least 'sometimes') of going to school because of bullying
  • As pupils get older fewer say schools take bullying seriously
  • Up to 88% say they have been advised how to stay safe while chatting online

CHAPTER 4 - Family & Home

  • As they get older, fewer pupils report living with both parents [59% 14-15 year old females in this sample report living with Mum and Dad together]
  • Up to 46% of the 12-15 year olds walk, at least some of the way, to school
  • More females than males did homework on the evening before the survey, and they tended to spend longer at it
  • Up to 80% of males played computer games after school 'yesterday'

CHAPTER 5 - Legal & Illegal Drugs

  • Since the mid-1990s there has been a general decline in the percentage of 14-15 year olds who smoke regularly. Around 97% of 10-11 year olds say they have never smoked. This figure drops to 71% (males) and 66% (females) by the time they are 14-15 years old. Around 36% of 12-15 year olds live in a 'smoky' home. 18% of 14-15 year old girls reported smoking and 26% reported drinking alcohol 'in the last 7 days'
  • Around 49% of the 14-15 year olds are 'fairly sure' or 'certain' that they know a drug user
  • 12% of 14-15 year olds report taking cannabis and, as they get older, fewer pupils think that cannabis is 'always unsafe'

CHAPTER 6 - Exercise & Sport

  • Over 91% of the sample of 10-15 year olds report exercising at least on one day 'last week'. Around 67% of all males and 64% of 10-11 year old females report exercising vigorously on 3 or more days 'last week'
  • 66% of 10-11 year old females think they are 'fit' or 'very fit'. This falls to 25% by the time they reach 14-15 years of age
  • Since 1991, there is a downward trend for some pupils reporting they are 'fit/very fit'

CHAPTER 7 - Social & Personal

  • 'School-work problems' are a worry for 14-15 year old females and 'the way you look' remains the main worry for 12-15 year old females
  • 64% of 14-15 year old females, compared with 49% of 14-15 year old males, want to continue with full-time education after Year 11
  • Statements from the 'Every Child Matters' section show a marked difference between the positive responses from primary and secondary pupils e.g. responses to, 'The school helps me work as part of a team' drop from around 63% (10-11 year-olds) to around 36% (14-15 year-olds)
  • Younger (12-13 year-old) males continue to be the most satisfied group when 12-15 year olds are asked about how they feel about their life 'at the moment

CHAPTER 8 - Some responses from primary-age children that are not contained in Chapters 1-7

  • Up to 24% of 10-11 year olds report being picked on for 'the way they look'
  • 20% of 10-11 year olds report being approached by an adult who scared them or made them upset

Notes
1. SHEU is an independent research, survey and publishing company and the 'Young People into 2015' report is the 29th in the series and based on the work of one of its divisions - The Schools Health Education Unit. The Unit provides reliable baseline data for local needs assessment to inform plans in health, education and care.
2. The accumulated databank from the hundreds of school surveys we support each year, involving tens of thousands of young people, is a valuable resource of information and provides many opportunities for research. But we caution against simple reporting and interpretation of our figures as being from 'a national survey'.
3. We compared the profile of the schools in our data sets with what we can see in the country as a whole (see above), and we were pleasantly surprised by the similarity.  This confirms what we concluded a decade ago through a similar study: that the SHEU data sets are reasonably well-matched to the national population of schools.


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Young People into 2015
ISBN 9781-902445-49-6 150pp

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