East End girls

This is something of an accidental blog post.  We were asked recently for some information about young people, which I misinterpreted as asking about differences between local authorities.

One difference between local authorities which has long intrigued me is how different are males and females -- and whether if, in some local authorities, they are more equal.  So, we have known for a long while that self-esteem scores are different between males and females, where males score a little higher than females.  From the more than 7000 year 10 students in our 2017 data bank, we see males scoring an average of 13.4 (on a scale from 0 to 18) while females score 11.9 -- a difference of 1.5 points.  If we use the standardized difference between means as our effect size (Cohen's d), we have an effect size of sex on self-esteem of 0.45, which Cohen would describe as a medium-sized effect.

But the difference, and the effect size, is not the same across the country.  The smallest effect size we see in any local authority is 0.13 (a small effect) while the largest is 0.74, which is quite a large effect.

On a chart, it looks like this:

The overall figures for the whole sample of 7000 are shown as 'All'; the figures for 17 different local authorities A-T are shown in order of effect size, from smallest to largest.  Blue bars show the mean male self-esteem scores; orange bars, the mean scores for females; overall score is shown as a dash; the effect size (Cohen's d) is shown as a line of crosses and is plotted on the right-hand axis. 

[One local authority (K) used a different scale to others, which you can see, but its effect size was quite ordinary.]

Now, wouldn't it be interesting if the areas at one end of the chart all had something in common?  In fact, of the 17 local authorities, 5 were London boroughs; of the four local authorities with the smallest effect sizes, three were London boroughs, while another came in sixth (that is of the six local authorities with the smallest effect sizes, four were London boroughs).

 

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DrDave

Comments about SHEU

"We were talking about (the SHEU survey) data at our recent NSCoPSE Conference, for PSHE advisers and consultants. It would be really helpful if some of this powerful data and the trends could be shared in the consultation around the PSHE Review. Colleagues shared their very positive experiences of (the SHEU survey). It provides excellent evidence of behaviour change for children and young people and of the impact of PSHE and wider interventions."

Personal and Social Development Consultant

"Every school involved in the National Healthy School programme should start with an HRBQ survey." Health Education Co-ordinator

Health Education Co-ordinator

"Thank you very much, David, for another excellent survey.  We look forward to receiving our reports."

Healthy Schools Co-ordinator

"As a Deputy Head in a large secondary school I was involved in taking part in a city wide health and wellbeing survey over a period of six years. Completing the survey every two years grew in importance year on year, with the final cycle having a major impact on our SDP, PHSE curriculum, Ofsted outcomes and governor understanding.
Over the six year period we moved from a small sample in two tutor groups filling in a paper survey to two year groups completing an online survey. The reports produced give graphical analysis of a wide range of issues. As a result of the survey we increased the number of PSHE workshop days for students to address issues such as smoking, drug and alcohol awareness, anti-bullying workshops. The surveys helped Governors make a positive informed decision to allow Brook Advisory Clinic nurses on site to support students.
As a result of taking part and using the evidence provided we were able to offer more support for students which had a direct impact on improved attendance and outcomes."

Deputy Head Secondary School

“(The SHEU survey) was very, very useful. It gave us reassurance we weren’t missing a trick. For example not many pupils in the sample year groups were taking illegal drugs, which re-enforced our opinions. But the survey also raised issues and flagged some things up. We discovered that some of our girls weren’t eating enough – the percentage of girls in our school not eating lunch the day before the survey was higher than the county average. There were other concerns too, specifically around cigarettes, alcohol and attendance.
The school used this data and took a number of actions to address it. More female peer mentors were put in place and the school asked NEXUS (the Extended Schools service) for help, so they developed a programme for girls which addressed their eating patterns, healthy eating, sex education and self-esteem issues.
We ran an anti-bullying group for Year 9 as a preventative measure, based upon data provided by our current Year 10 students.
The travel data revealed that a high number of pupils took the car to school so we involved the BIKE-IT scheme who ran assemblies, brought in their bikes (including one with a pedal-powered smoothie maker!), and raised awareness of health and green issues.
The information about how happy the students were with their lives raised some concerns as far fewer girls were as happy as the boys, so work was done around developing aspirations, role-models and self-esteem."        
 

Deputy Head, Secondary School

(Our) Senior team were very enthused with the rich source of data provided within the reports (and thought that the analyses including within the appendices section of the main reports were really interesting).

Health Improvement Specialist (Children, Schools and Families)

"The Unit has a unique historical and contemporary archive of young people." Prof. Ted Wragg 1938-2005

Prof Ted Wragg, 1938-2005

"Many thanks to SHEU for your excellent professional support over the years."

PSHE teacher

"I very much value the contribution the Health Related Behaviour Survey has made to the public health agenda and feel confident it will continue to do so." Tribute from a Director of Public Health to John Balding, presented at his retirement lunch, May 2005

Director of Public Health

"I would like to say how much we appreciated the work you and your team have put in to this project, a big thank you for the excellent reports that you have completed on our behalf." Assistant Director of Public Health

Assistant Director of Public Health