Adolescence, high risk behaviours, brain development and …

 
 
A range of “high risk behaviours” become relatively common in adolescence  …
 

Christina Moutsiana and others, in their 2013 paper, “Human development of the ability to learn from bad news”, tested whether the ability to alter beliefs, in response to good and bad news, develops differently with age. They stated that, “… vast resources have been dedicated to educating adolescents about the consequences of their risky behavior. Our results show that this approach may be inherently limited because the ability to appropriately adjust beliefs about vulnerability in response to undesirable information develops disproportionally late between late childhood and adulthood. However, reframing the information to highlight positive outcomes of desired behaviors (e.g., the positive effect of reduced alcohol consumption on sports performance), rather than dangers of undesired ones, may have a larger impact”. (Human development of the ability to learn from bad news. PNAS, Vol. 110 no. 41: 16396–16401).
 

In their 2009 guide, “The Teen Years Explained: A Guide to Healthy Adolescence” (p.24), Clea McNeely and Jayne Blanchard wrote, “Research is starting to discover that adolescents judge the benefits of partaking in risky behaviors differently than adults do, and this difference in judgment may have a biological basis in the brain” .
 

Alexander Persoskie reported that “… “Invulnerable” teens—those who gave risk estimates of 0%—accounted for a considerable portion of those who ultimately experienced each outcome.” For example, 53% of those who became pregnant and 63% of the teens who were not enrolled in school had, one year earlier, indicated a 0% chance of these events happening. (How well can adolescents really judge risk? Simple, self reported risk factors out-predict teens’ self estimates of personal risk. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 8, no. 1, January 2013, pp. 1-6).
 

In The Teen Brain: Still Under Construction article some connections are made between brain function, development, and behavior.
 

Thanks to Peter Baggetta for his Prezi - Adolescent Brain and Risk Taking
 
 
 

Author: 

DavidMcG

Comments about SHEU

"We did this last year with Year 8 and 10 and was incredibly useful. It is WELL worth doing and so useful to inform PSHE planning. The safeguarding audit team were delighted that we had done it. The findings are so so interesting.
"The findings are really comprehensive and range from what percentage of year 8 have breakfast in the morning to how many have tried this particular drug, to identity, health and sleep patterns, mental health, citizenship issues....
"It's essential for the PSHE and pastoral curriculum."

PSHCEE coordinator

"You have made a fantastic contribution to children’s health education and promotion. I am personally grateful to you for helping to kickstart my research career." Prof. Neil Armstrong tribute to John Balding, presented at his retirement lunch, May 2005

Prof Neil Armstrong

"The Unit has a unique historical and contemporary archive of young people." Prof. Ted Wragg 1938-2005

Prof Ted Wragg, 1938-2005

"I very much value the contribution the Health Related Behaviour Survey has made to the public health agenda and feel confident it will continue to do so." Tribute from a Director of Public Health to John Balding, presented at his retirement lunch, May 2005

Director of Public Health

"As a Deputy Head in a large secondary school I was involved in taking part in a city wide health and wellbeing survey over a period of six years. Completing the survey every two years grew in importance year on year, with the final cycle having a major impact on our SDP, PHSE curriculum, Ofsted outcomes and governor understanding.
Over the six year period we moved from a small sample in two tutor groups filling in a paper survey to two year groups completing an online survey. The reports produced give graphical analysis of a wide range of issues. As a result of the survey we increased the number of PSHE workshop days for students to address issues such as smoking, drug and alcohol awareness, anti-bullying workshops. The surveys helped Governors make a positive informed decision to allow Brook Advisory Clinic nurses on site to support students.
As a result of taking part and using the evidence provided we were able to offer more support for students which had a direct impact on improved attendance and outcomes."

Deputy Head Secondary School

"Thank you very much, David, for another excellent survey.  We look forward to receiving our reports."

Healthy Schools Co-ordinator

"I really appreciate the professional service which SHEU offers.  We have had a great experience working with Angela on the school surveys." 

Health Improvement Specialist

"The Unit produces an invaluable body of knowledge... providing exceptional information across time and throughout the country." Kelloggs

Kelloggs

...Many thanks for all your work with this year’s survey. It’s already proving to be invaluable especially against the severe cuts in services that are looming.

Health Promotion Manager

"SHEU data proved the best source of the kind of information we were looking for (...) to provide research support to the National Healthy Schools Programme." 

Department of Health